Dizziness

    Overview

    Dizziness is a feeling of light-headedness or a spinning sensation that causes discomfort. It may be the result of inner-ear dysfunction, head injury, or a reaction to other medications. Consult a provider if symptoms persist.

    Dizziness or vertigo is not a disease; it is a symptom of something else. There are many causes of dizziness.
    These are some common conditions that can provoke dizziness:
    •    Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo
    •    Blood Pressure changes/ vascular disturbances
    •    Chronic ear infections and cholesteatoma
    •    CVA/ stroke Diabetes Fistula (hole) in the inner ear labyrinth
    •    Foreign objects in ear canal, impacted earwax
    •    Head injury, traumatic brain injury, severe whiplash
    •    Labyrinthitis
    •    Migraine
    •    Meniere’s disease
    •    Multiple Sclerosis Ototoxic drugs- medicines such as IV antibiotics or some chemotherapies that are poisonous to the ear and/or balance system.
    •    Panic/ anxiety attacks Tumors, acoustic neuromas
    •    Visual disturbances.

    Balance Testing

    If needed, your provider might suggest a balance test to determine the cause of your dizziness. SIU Medicine administers the test called a VNG or Video Nystagmography because we are watching your eye movement during the test. Get a good night’s sleep if possible prior to testing. Be sure to follow all of the instructions on your pre-balance testing form. The eyes are connected to the vestibular system through a reflex pathway, so eye movements on different tests can tell us where in the balance system the problem is occurring, what is causing the problem, and how vision and sensory input are impacting the functional balance system. There is no need to be fearful or worry. If you can keep your eyes open, you can do a balance test. Sometimes patients have a lot of anxiety attached to their dizziness.

    You will wear a type of visor for the first part of the test, where you are tracking different targets on a light bar. The second phase of the test is completed  wearing what looks like a scuba goggle over your eyes. There is a special camera inside the goggle that records your eyes in the dark. The audiologist will conduct the entire test with you and be able to discuss your test results with you to answer questions.

    How are hearing and balance related?

    Both the hearing and balance organs are housed in the inner ear. The semicircular canals and otolithic organs are known as the vestibular labyrinth. Sometimes both the hearing and balance organs can be affected by disease.
    A full hearing evaluation is commonly ordered along with a vestibular evaluation to get a picture of the “whole ear.”

    Our doctors

    Provider

    Janet Albers, MD

    Family Medicine
    520 N. 4th St. Springfield, IL 62702
    Provider

    Tracy Aldridge, MD

    Family Medicine
    520 N. 4th St. Springfield, IL 62702
    Provider

    Careyana Brenham, MD

    Family Medicine
    520 N. 4th St. Springfield, IL 62702
    Provider

    Marissa Butcher, PA-C

    Certified Physician Assistant Ear, Nose and Throat (ENT)
    720 N. Bond Street Springfield , IL 62702
    Provider

    Bilal Butt, MD

    Neurologist Neurology
    751 N. Rutledge St. Suite 3100 Springfield, IL 62702
    Provider

    Michal Dynda, MD

    Family Medicine
    520 N. 4th St. Springfield, IL 62702
    Provider

    Airn Etherton, FNP-BC

    Certified Nurse Practitioner Family Medicine
    520 N. 4th St. Springfield, IL 62702
    Provider

    Christopher Gleason, MD

    Family Medicine
    520 N. 4th St. Springfield, IL 62702
    Provider

    Sarah Halsey, DNP, FNP-BC

    Certified Nurse Practitioner Ear, Nose and Throat (ENT)
    720 N. Bond Street Springfield , IL 62702
    Provider

    Curtis Johnston, DO

    Family Medicine
    520 N. 4th St. Springfield, IL 62702
    Provider

    Amanda Krus-Johnston, DO

    Family Medicine
    520 N. 4th St. Springfield, IL 62702
    Provider

    Herman Leung, DO

    Family Medicine
    612 N. 11th St. Quincy, IL 62301
    Provider

    Lauri Lopp, MD

    Family Medicine
    520 N. 4th St. Springfield, IL 62702
    Provider

    Paula Mackrides, DO

    Family Medicine
    612 N. 11th St. Quincy, IL 62301
    Provider

    Nichole Mirocha, DO

    Family Medicine
    520 N. 4th St. Springfield, IL 62702
    Provider

    Theresa Oakley, PA-C

    Family Medicine
    612 N. 11th St. Quincy, IL 62301
    Provider

    Rachel Rahman, MD

    Family Medicine
    520 N. 4th St. Springfield, IL 62702
    Provider

    Eukesh Ranjit, MD

    Family Medicine
    520 N. 4th St. Springfield, IL 62702
    Provider

    Ankit Sharma, MD

    Family Medicine
    520 N. 4th St. Springfield, IL 62702
    Provider

    Christopher Smyre, MD

    Family Medicine
    520 N. 4th St. Springfield, IL 62702
    Provider

    Cynthia Thomas, MD

    Family Medicine
    520 N. 4th St. Springfield, IL 62702
    Provider

    Audra Trump, FNP-C

    Certified Nurse Practitioner Family Medicine
    102 W. Kenwood Ave. Decatur, IL 62526
    Provider

    Waiz Wasey, MD

    Family Medicine
    520 N. 4th St. Springfield, IL 62702

    Why SIU

    Continually learning

    With a focus on continual improvement, our doctors take the time to research, study and innovate to provide the latest treatments for our patients.

    Patient-first experience

    Our care ranges from primary care physicians to specialists and sub-specialists who have advanced training. We're here for you when you need us.

    Breakthrough technology

    Continually teaching the next generation of doctors, our physicians use the latest developments in procedures and technologies for our patients.