Congestive Heart Failure

    Overview

    Congestive Heart Failure

    Congestive heart failure, a condition which occurs as the heart weakens and can no longer pump blood as well as it should, can affect the left side, right side or both sides of the heart. Congestive heart failure does not mean a patient’s heart has stopped or failed, but rather that the heart has failed to keep up with the volume of blood flowing through it. Congestive heart failure requires immediate medical attention.

    A variety of conditions can cause congestive heart failure, including:

    • Coronary artery disease
    • High blood pressure
    • Diabetes
    • Heart attack

    Several treatments can improve the signs and symptoms of heart failure, helping patients live longer with a better quality of life. Exercise, dietary changes and stress management can also improve patients’ quality of life.

    Symptoms

    • Confusion or difficulty concentrating
    • Increased need to urinate at night
    • Rapid or irregular heartbeat
    • Rapid weight gain caused by fluid retention
    • Persistent coughing or wheezing
    • Shortness of breath
    • Swelling (edema) in feet, ankles, legs or abdomen
    • Tiredness or weakness

    Causes

    • Diet high in fat and sodium
    • Lack of physical activity
    • Smoking

    Care for Congestive Heart Failure at SIU Medicine

    SIU Medicine Cardiology treats patients with congestive heart failure using a variety of treatment options, including medications, dietary changes or surgery. Our goal is to find the root of your problem, slow disease progression, and relieve symptoms while improving your quality of life.

    Doctors may use a combination of therapies to manage congestive heart failure, including:

    • Angioplasty, a minimally invasive procedure that increases blood flow to the heart
    • Beta blockers, or medications that slow the heartrate, reduce the heart’s need for oxygen and improve the heart’s blood supply
    • Bypass surgery, which creates a new path for blood and oxygen to reach your heart
    • Implanted cardiac defibrillator (ICD), a device for patients with or at risk for unstable heart rhythms
    • Lifestyle changes, including weight loss, regular exercise, stress reduction and dietary changes
    • Medications, including diuretics or angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACE) inhibitors

    Patients may be prescribed additional heart medications, like nitrates for chest pain or a statin to lower cholesterol. Your cardiology team will work with you to find the best treatment plan.

    Our doctors

    Provider

    Janet Albers, MD

    Family Medicine
    520 N. 4th St. Springfield, IL 62702
    Provider

    Tracy Aldridge, MD

    Family Medicine
    520 N. 4th St. Springfield, IL 62702
    Provider

    Priyanka Bhandari, MD

    Family Medicine
    520 N. 4th St. Springfield, IL 62702
    Provider

    Careyana Brenham, MD

    Family Medicine
    520 N. 4th St. Springfield, IL 62702
    Provider

    Manjula Burri, MD

    Cardiologist Cardiology, Internal Medicine
    747 N. Rutledge St. 4th Floor Springfield, IL 62702
    Provider

    Rexanne Caga-anan, MD

    Primary Care Physician Internal Medicine, General Internal Medicine
    751 N. Rutledge St. Suite 1700 Springfield, IL 62702
    Provider

    Youssef Chami, MD

    Cardiologist Cardiology
    747 N. Rutledge St. 4th Floor Springfield, IL 62702
    Provider

    Wael Dakkak, MD

    Internal Medicine Specialist Internal Medicine
    Provider

    Siddharth Dubey, MD

    Pediatric and Fetal Cardiology Pediatrics
    400 N. 9th Street Floor 3 Springfield, IL 62702
    Provider

    Michal Dynda, MD

    Family Medicine
    520 N. 4th St. Springfield, IL 62702
    Provider

    John Flack, MD

    Internist, specializing in hypertension Internal Medicine
    751 N. Rutledge St. Suite 1700 Springfield, IL 62702
    Provider

    Christopher Gleason, MD

    Family Medicine
    520 N. 4th St. Springfield, IL 62702
    Provider

    Christopher Green, PHARMD

    Pharmacist
    102 W. Kenwood Ave. Decatur, IL 62526
    Provider

    Christina High, FNP-BC

    Certified Nurse Practitioner Cardiology
    747 N. Rutledge St. 4th Floor Springfield, IL 62702
    Provider

    Susan Hingle, MD

    Primary Care Physician Internal Medicine, General Internal Medicine
    751 N. Rutledge St. Suite 1700 Springfield, IL 62702
    Provider

    Curtis Johnston, DO

    Family Medicine
    520 N. 4th St. Springfield, IL 62702
    Provider

    Amanda Krus-Johnston, DO

    Family Medicine
    520 N. 4th St. Springfield, IL 62702
    Provider

    Abhishek Kulkarni, MD

    Cardiologist Cardiology
    747 N. Rutledge St. 4th Floor Springfield, IL 62702
    Provider

    Christopher Lawrance, MD

    Cardiovascular Surgeon Cardiothoracic Surgery
    Provider

    Herman Leung, DO

    Family Medicine
    612 N. 11th St. Quincy, IL 62301
    Provider

    Lauri Lopp, MD

    Family Medicine
    520 N. 4th St. Springfield, IL 62702
    Provider

    Paula Mackrides, DO

    Family Medicine
    612 N. 11th St. Quincy, IL 62301
    Provider

    Nichole Mirocha, DO

    Family Medicine
    520 N. 4th St. Springfield, IL 62702
    Provider

    Ramzi Nicolas, MD

    Pediatric and Fetal Cardiologist
    400 N. 9th Street Floor 3 Springfield, IL 62702
    Provider

    Rachel Rahman, MD

    Family Medicine
    520 N. 4th St. Springfield, IL 62702
    Provider

    Eukesh Ranjit, MD

    Family Medicine
    520 N. 4th St. Springfield, IL 62702
    Provider

    Gary Rull, MD

    Primary Care Physician Internal Medicine, General Internal Medicine
    751 N. Rutledge St. Suite 1700 Springfield, IL 62702
    Provider

    Ankit Sharma, MD

    Family Medicine
    520 N. 4th St. Springfield, IL 62702
    Provider

    Momin Siddique, MD

    Cardiologist Cardiology
    747 N. Rutledge St. 4th Floor Springfield, IL 62702
    Provider

    Christopher Smyre, MD

    Family Medicine
    520 N. 4th St. Springfield, IL 62702
    Provider

    David Steward, MD

    Associate Dean for Community and Health and Service Internal Medicine
    751 N. Rutledge St. Suite 1700 Springfield, IL 62702
    Provider

    Cynthia Thomas, MD

    Family Medicine
    520 N. 4th St. Springfield, IL 62702
    Provider

    Andrew Varney, MD

    Primary Care Physician Internal Medicine, General Internal Medicine
    751 N. Rutledge St. Suite 1700 Springfield, IL 62702
    Provider

    Waiz Wasey, MD

    Family Medicine
    520 N. 4th St. Springfield, IL 62702

    Why SIU

    Continually learning

    With a focus on continual improvement, our doctors take the time to research, study and innovate to provide the latest treatments for our patients.

    Patient-first experience

    Our care ranges from primary care physicians to specialists and sub-specialists who have advanced training. We're here for you when you need us.

    Breakthrough technology

    Continually teaching the next generation of doctors, our physicians use the latest developments in procedures and technologies for our patients.